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Fact Sheets: Languages Used for Driver's License Exams

ALABAMA: (13) Arabic, Chinese, English, Farsi, French, German, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Thai, Vietnamese.
ALASKA: (2) English, Native American languages.
ARIZONA: (1) English.
ARKANSAS: (2) English, Spanish.
CALIFORNIA: (32) Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Cambodian, Chinese, English, Farsi, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hmong, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Laotian, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Rumanian, Russian, Samoan, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, Tagalog, Thai, Tongan, Turkish, Vietnamese.
COLORADO: (2) English, Spanish.
CONNECTICUT: (21) Albanian, Arabic, Bosnian, Cambodian, Chinese, English, Farsi, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Korean, Lithuanian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Turkish, Vietnamese.
DELAWARE: (2) English, Spanish.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: (2) English, Spanish.
FLORIDA: (3) English, Haitian Creole, Spanish.
GEORGIA: (14) Arabic, Bosnian, Cambodian, Chinese, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Laotian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Vietnamese.
HAWAII: (1) English.
IDAHO: (8) Arabic, Chinese, English, Farsi, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, Vietnamese.
ILLINOIS: (3) English, Polish, Spanish.
INDIANA: (3) English, Japanese, Spanish.
IOWA:

(10) Albanian, Bosnian, Chinese, English, Korean, Laotian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Vietnamese.

(June 2009 update) (21) Albanian, Arabic, Bosnian, Burmese, Cambodian, Chinese, English, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hmong, Italian, Korean, Laotian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Vietnamese.

KANSAS: (1) English.
KENTUCKY: (23) Albanian, Arabic, Bosnian, Cambodian, Chinese, Croatian, English, Farsi, French, German, Hindi, Japanese, Korean, Laotian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Thai, Turkish, Vietnamese.
LOUISIANA: (2) English, Spanish.
MAINE: (1) English.
MARYLAND: (5) English, Korean, Polish, Russian, Spanish.
MASSACHUSETTS: (25) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Cambodian, Chinese, Czech, English, Farsi, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Laotian, Polish, Portuguese, Rumanian, Russian, Spanish, Turkish, Vietnamese.
MICHIGAN: (13) Albanian, Arabic, Chinese, English, Greek, Hindi, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Vietnamese.
MINNESOTA: (6) English, Hmong, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Vietnamese.
MISSISSIPPI: (2) English, Spanish.
MISSOURI: (12) Bosnian, Chinese, English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Vietnamese.
MONTANA: (4) Chinese, English, Russian, Spanish.
NEBRASKA: (2) English, Spanish.
NEVADA: (2) English, Spanish.
NEW HAMPSHIRE: (1) English.
NEW JERSEY: (10) Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish.
NEW MEXICO: (2) English, Spanish.
NEW YORK: (12) Albanian, Arabic, Bosnian, Cambodian, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian, Spanish.
NORTH CAROLINA: (10) Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Vietnamese.
NORTH DAKOTA:

(7) Arabic, English, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Somali, Spanish, Vietnamese.

(June 2009 update) (10) Arabic, English, Nepali, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Somali, Spanish, Swahili, Turkish, Vietnamese.

OHIO: (8) Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Russian, Somali, Spanish.
OKLAHOMA:

(2) English, Spanish.

(November 2009 update) (1) English.

OREGON: (6) English, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Vietnamese.
PENNSYLVANIA: (2) English, Spanish.
RHODE ISLAND: (17) Albanian, Arabic, Cambodian, Chinese, English, French, German, Greek, Hmong, Italian, Korean, Laotian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Vietnamese.
SOUTH CAROLINA: (4) English, French, German, Spanish.
SOUTH DAKOTA: (1) English.
TENNESSE: (4) English, Japanese, Korean, Spanish.
TEXAS: (2) English, Spanish.
UTAH: (1) English.
VERMONT: (5) Bosnian, English, French, Spanish, Vietnamese.
VIRGINIA: (2) English, Spanish.
WASHINGTON: (7) Chinese, English, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Vietnamese.
WEST VIRGNIA: (5) English, Chinese, German, Japanese, Spanish.
WISCONSIN: (8) Chinese, English, Hmong, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Somali, Spanish.
WYOMING:

(1) English.

Information in the above table was collected from officials at the motor vehicle departments in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, April-May 2009. Updates are listed in red.


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