South Dakota Codified Laws § 1-27-(20-26)
SOUTH DAKOTA (1995)
S.D. Codified Laws § 1-27-(20-26)
Section 1. The common language of the state is English. The common language is designated as the language of any official public document or record and any official public meeting.
Section 2. For the purposes of this Act, an official public document or record is any document officially compiled, published, or recorded by the state including deeds, publicly probated wills, records of births, deaths, and marriages, and any other document required to be kept open for public inspection pursuant to chapter I-27. An official public meeting is any meeting or proceeding required to be open to the public pursuant to chapter I-25.
Section 3. The provisions of this act do not apply:
(1) To instruction in foreign languages courses;
(2) To instruction designed to aid students with limited English proficiency in a timely transition and integration into the general educational system;
(3) To the promotion of international commerce, tourism, and sporting events;
(4) When deemed to interfere with needs of the justice system;
(5) When the public safety, health, or emergency services require the use of other languages. However, any such authorization for the use of a language other than the common language in printing informational materials or publications for general distribution must be approved in an open public meeting pursuant to chapter I-25 by the governing board or authority of the relevant state or municipal entity and the decision shall be recorded in publicly available minutes;
(6) When expert testimony, witnesses, or speakers require a language other than the common language. However, for purposes of deliberation, decision-making, or record keeping, the official version of such testimony or commentary shall be the officially translated English language version.
Section 4. Pursuant to the exemptions outlined in section 3 of this Act, all costs related to the preparation, translation, printing, and recording of documents, records, brochures, pamphlets, flyers, or other informational materials in languages other than the common language shall be delineated as a separate budget line item in the agency, department, or office budget.
Section 5. No person may be denied employment with the state or any political subdivision of the state based solely upon that person’s lack of facility in a foreign language, except where related to bona fide job needs reflected in the exemptions in section 3 of this Act.
Section 6. This Act may not be construed in any way to infringe upon the rights of citizens under the state constitution or the Constitution of the United States in the use of language in any private activity. No agency or officer of the state nor any political subdivision of the state may place any restrictions or requirements regarding language usage in any business operating in the private sector other than official documents, forms, submissions, or other communications directed to government agencies and officers, which communications shall be in the common language as recognized in this Act.
Section 7. Any citizen of the state has standing to bring an action against the state to enforce this act. The circuit court has jurisdiction to hear and decide any such action brought pursuant to this Act.